Carlos Miguelez Monroy Periodista

Increased production of rice, corn and wheat does not guarantee by itself that the impoverished countries of the planet can afford prices that dictate the rules of the market for those subsistence food that needs its population. In several cases, these countries abandoned the field to adapt to structural adjustments dictated by the World Bank to address external debts. In the 60s and 70 United States and some European countries gave massive subsidies to their farmers, which filled the market of cheap food that sank the agriculture in impoverished countries. More than thirty years later, the surpluses of agricultural production still turning in the countries of the South, drowned by debt and lack of food that can no longer afford. Aid for development to promote the productivity of the field in the countries of the South have short-range.

Although they could return to their subsistence economies, would have little chance of exporting their products by protectionism and the inability to compete with subsidized products from the first world. If the population amounts to 9 billion by 2050, food production will have to double, as holding the director-general of FAO. In that sense, Jeffrey Sachs's approach to the eradication of hunger shows an overall view to incorporate health and education in aid programs to avoid that this population has been reached and, above all, the approach that many more children, better. Why refers to cooperation for endogenous to be born of the peoples themselves, sustainable, global and balanced development. Support in the agricultural sphere, accompanied by health, responsible maternity and education programs, would provide that balance. Without forgetting that it may not be in charity what is owed in justice. Therefore, international organizations should denounce subsidies and dialogue to a trading system fairer and more humane.